How to Install VMware ESXi 6.5


In this tutorial installation of ESXi 6.5 server is shown

Firstly download the iso file and boot from the CD/DVD to install ESXi 6.5 hypervisor

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-00-23

Click enter key to proceed

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-03-38

Accept the End User Agreement

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-03-44

Select a disk to install VMware ESXi 6.5

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-04-31

Select keyboard layout

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-04-40

Provide a password for root (local account with all privileges)

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-04-54

Install VMware ESXI 6.5

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-05-10

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-08-05-29

Remove the installation media before rebooting

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-09-15-13

After rebooting press F11 to enter the password for root

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-09-27-01

VMware ESXi 6.5-2017-08-18-09-27-25


Connect using following links from the ESXI web client


2012 ad-2017-08-18-10-07-44

2012 ad-2017-08-18-10-09-45




How to Setup FortiGate Firewall To Access The Internet



11 image



In this case NAT/Route mode is used which allows FortiGate to hide the IP addresses of the private network using network address translation (NAT).

Forti setup tech water.jpg

Login to the FortiGate’s web-based manager

forti login screen

Configure the internal and WAN interfaces

Go to system –> Network –> Interfaces

Configure the WAN interface


Configure the internal interface

In this case DHCP is enabled

5 Internal ip

In the MAC Address Access Control List assign the mac address and IP address of the administrator PC

6 internal more

Review the Configuration

7 interface list.JPG


Configure default route at 

Router –> Static –> Static Routes

Set the Destination IP/Mask to, the Device to the Internet-facing interface, and the Gateway to the gateway (or default route) provided by your ISP or to the next hop router, depending on your network requirements.

8 routing

Review configuration

9 routing review

Configure DNS Setting

you can keep the default if you want to



Configure Policies

Two policies are created in this scenario

  1. General policy – restricted internet access
  2. Administrator PC policy – unrestricted internet access can be given

General Policy

Only HTTP, HTTPS, DNS services are allowed

11 policy top

Enable NAT and session logging

12 policy NAT


Administrator PC policy

Firstly you have to create a new address for admin PC at Firewall Objects –> Address

appropriate subnet number and the interface is configured

13 admin pc.JPG

Review created address

13 Admin PC address.JPG

Then create the policy for admin PC. All the services are allowed in this case

12 admin policy.JPG


Test the policy configuration by accessing internet using the admin PC and another PC in the network. Monitor the counter changes in policies

14 counter.JPG









How to Install and Configure Microsoft Forefront TMG 2010 – PART 01



Microsoft Forefront Threat Management Gateway (Forefront TMG), formerly known as Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration Server (ISA Server), is a network router, firewall, antivirus program, VPN server and web cache from Microsoft Corporation. It runs on Windows Server and works by inspecting all network traffic that passes through it. –wiki

Please note that

  • Active Directory is running on Windows server 2008 R2
  • Microsoft Forefront TMG 2010 is installed on Windows server 2008 R2


Microsoft Proxy Server —-> ISA Server 2000 —-> ISA Server 2004 —-> ISA Server 2006 —-> ISA Server Appliance Edition —-> Microsoft Forefront TMG MBE —-> Microsoft Forefront TMG 2010


Firstly You have to install .NET Framework 3.5 or you will get an error


To Install .NET Framework 3.5 go to Server Manager and click Add Features


Select .NET Framework 3.5 Features


Do not forget to install Web server (IIS) and Windows Process Activation Service, first


Install Windows Process Activation Service


After installing Web server (IIS) and Windows Process Activation Service you can continue with .NET Framework 3.5 installation.


Run Preparation Tool

Preparation tool 1 TMG-2017-07-10-17-29-29

Preparation tool 2 TMG-2017-07-10-17-29-24

Launch Forefront TMG Installation Wizard

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-33-32.png

Accept the terms in the License and Agreement

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-36-10

Provide customer information

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-36-31

Define Internal Network

In this case following IP range is given -

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-36-48

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-37-41

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-37-57

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-38-04

Install the program

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-20-38-14

Finish installation

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-21-50-46


Configure Network Settings

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-21-54-55

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-00-18

In this scenario Edge Firewall is selected

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-04-40

Configure LAN adapter settings

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-38-52

Configure Internet adapter settings

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-39-09

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-40-01

Finish network setup wizard

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-40-06


Configure the system settings

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-54-34

Configure of the host computer

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-55-32


Define deployment Option

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-55-46

Microsoft Update Setup

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-22-59-42

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-23-01-20

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-23-01-48

Customer Feedback

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-23-02-06

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-23-02-17

Complete the deployment wizard

S2008 TMG 5.5-2017-08-01-23-02-23

Please refer How to Install and Configure Microsoft Forefront TMG 2010 – PART 02 to continue



How to Reset a FortiGate Firewall to Factory Default Settings


11 image



Please note that the device used in this tutorial is not connected to any production environment.

Firstly connect the cables properly. Refer this video

Cables used to connect to the console port and PC



Find the COM port first (this is the device manager in Win8.1)

In my case, I had to install the drivers for usb2.0-ser. [Download Drivers at:]

1 COM port in device manager

Connect using PuTTY

[Download PuTTY at: ]

2 putty com3 port

Press Enter

3 terminal

If needed reboot the device (sometimes needed). Just give a power reset

4 after reboot

Enter maintainer as the username. For the password bcpb + the serial number of the firewall (letters of the serial number are in UPPERCASE format)

6 enter maintainer and password

enter exec factoryreset and press Y

7 reset or not

8 reseting

CONGRATULATIONS…!!  FortiGate Firewall is restored to the factory defaults configurations. Now you can login through preferred medium. In this case web browser is used.

Use following ip address to connect



Name: admin
password: (keep blank)


forti login screen

Welcome to Fortinet interface


What do you possess?

Constructive criticism? Thoughtful comment? Derogatory remarks? Contradictory tutorials?

Please don’t be shy to contribute and be part of this wonderful journey. Remember always the adage “knowledge is ammunition”.

How to Install System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) 2012



System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM, also known as ConfigMgr), formerly Systems Management Server (SMS) is a systems management software product developed by Microsoft for managing large groups of computers running Windows NT, Windows Embedded, macOS (OS X), Linux or UNIX, as well as Windows Phone, Symbian, iOS and Android mobile operating systems. Configuration Manager provides remote control, patch management, software distribution, operating system deployment, network access protection and hardware and software inventory. -WIKI

Please Note That,

  • In this scenario the domain controller is running on Server 2012 R2
  • In this tutorial SQL server 2012 is installed locally (If you prefer you can do it on a remote server)
  • SQL server 2012 should be updated to cumulative update 2 or higher to install SCCM

Firstly Create the System Management Container in Active Directory Domain Services

In the Domain controller click on Server Manager –> Tools –> ADSI Edit

2012 AD-2017-06-16-19-40-01

Right Click and select Connect to…

2012 AD-2017-06-16-19-41-55

Keep the default

2012 AD-2017-06-16-19-42-00

Expand Default Naming Context right click CN=System –> New –> Object

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-30-22

Select Container

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-32-32

Insert System Management as the value

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-34-30

Click Finish

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-34-34


Give Permission to the System Management Container

After creating the system management container, we must grant the site server’s computer account the permissions that are required to publish site information to the container. The primary site server computer account must be granted Full Control permissions to the System Management container and all its child objects.

Go to Server Manager –>Tools –> Active Directory Users and Computers –> View — Advanced features

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-41-25.png

Expand System, right click System Management and click on Delegate Control.

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-43-15

Click Next

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-43-21

In the Delegation of Control Wizard dialog box Click on Add

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-47-27

In the Select Users,Computers or Groups dialog box click on Object Types

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-47-32

Check for Computers as object types and click on OK

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-47-38

Insert the name of the primary site server computer account and click on OK.

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-47-46

Primary site server computer account name should be included in the Delegation of Control Wizard dialog box. Click Next

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-48-15

In the next window click on Create a custom task to delegate and click Next

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-58-24.png

Select This folder, existing objects in this folder and creation of new objects in this folder and click Next

2012 AD-2017-06-16-20-59-34.png

Provide Full permission and Click Next

2012 AD-2017-06-16-21-02-28.png


2012 AD-2017-06-16-21-02-32.png


Extend the Active Directory schema for Configuration Manager

Download a copy of Microsoft System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager and Endpoint Protection.

Find the file extadsch.exe and run as administrator

2012 AD-2017-06-17-04-34-31

Open c:\ExtADSch.txt and verify schema is extended or not. You will notice a line stating “Successfully extended the Active Directory Schema”.

2012 AD-2017-06-17-04-34-55


Install Pre-requisits For SCCM 2012 R2 |Microsoft System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager

Run the PowerShell command

Add-WindowsFeature Web-Windows-Auth,Web-ISAPI-Ext,Web-Metabase,Web-WMI,BITS,RDC,NET-Framework-Features,Web-Asp-Net,Web-Asp-Net45,NET-HTTP-Activation,NET-Non-HTTP-Activ,Web-Static-Content,Web-Default-Doc,Web-Dir-Browsing,Web-Http-Errors,Web-Http-Redirect,Web-App-Dev,Web-Net-Ext,Web-Net-Ext45,Web-ISAPI-Filter,Web-Health,Web-Http-Logging,Web-Log-Libraries,Web-Request-Monitor,Web-HTTP-Tracing,Web-Security,Web-Filtering,Web-Performance,Web-Stat-Compression,Web-Mgmt-Console,Web-Scripting-Tools,Web-Mgmt-Compat -Restart

2012 AD-2017-06-17-05-40-24

Execute following

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\aspnet_regiis.exe -r

2012 AD-2017-06-17-05-41-05

Install Windows Server Update Services

Install-WindowsFeature -Name UpdateServices-Services,UpdateServices-DB -IncludeManagementTools

2012 AD-2017-06-17-05-41-07.png

Change the locations accordingly

cd “c:\Program Files\Update Services\Tools”

./wsusutil.exe postinstall CONTENT_DIR=C:\WSUS sql_instance_name=SQLSERVERNAME

2012 AD-2017-06-17-21-05-14

[sql_instance_name=S2012 in this case]

2012 AD-2017-06-17-21-05-43

Install User State Migration Tool (USMT)


Run as administrator

2012 AD-2017-06-17-06-11-26

Specify Location

2012 AD-2017-06-17-06-12-37

Accept License Agreement

2012 AD-2017-06-17-06-12-46

Select the features to install. Make sure User State Migration Tool (USMT) is selected

2012 AD-2017-06-17-06-13-17

Wait till the Installation finishes

2012 AD-2017-06-17-06-16-45.png

2012 AD-2017-06-17-07-10-54

Install and Configure SQL Server

  • In this tutorial SQL server 2012 is installed locally.

Run the Stand-alone Installation

2012 AD-2017-06-17-07-53-15.png

Press OK

2012 AD-2017-06-17-07-55-34.png

Accept the License Terms

2012 AD-2017-06-17-07-57-02

Update the product

2012 AD-2017-06-17-07-57-56

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-31-36

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-31-49

On the Feature Selection window, select

  • Database Engine Services
  • Reporting Services-Native
  • Management Tools – Complete.

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-33-15

Press Next

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-34-09

Default Instance is selected

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-34-27

Press Next

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-35-05

New Account is created Teche\sccmacc1

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-50-54

Windows Authentication mode is selected

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-53-25

Add user Teche\sccmacc1

2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-54-20


2012 AD-2017-06-17-08-55-01


2012 AD-2017-06-17-10-34-16.png


Install Microsoft System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager

Run splash.hta file in the installation folder

2012 AD-2017-06-18-04-11-37

IF it is offline installation run  setupdl.exe at SMSSETUP\BIN\X64\setupdl.exe instead to download the files.

2012 AD-2017-06-18-02-22-33

2012 AD-2017-06-18-02-24-38


2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-02-39

Select Install a Configuration Manager primary site

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-03-12

In this scenario Evaluation edition is installed

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-03-43

Accept the License terms

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-03-49

Accept Licenses for prerequisites

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-04-13

Since I have downloaded the files previously, path for the downloaded folder is given

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-06-10

Select the appropriate Language

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-11-58

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-12-50

Insert the Site code and Site name

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-14-25

Install the primary site as a Stand-alone Site

2012 AD-2017-06-18-06-19-26.png

select YES to support to expand this site into hierarchy later

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-14-59

Include FQDN of the Database Server

2012 AD-2017-06-18-05-15-57

Include the path to SQL Server data and log files

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-08-07

Insert SMS provider settings

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-08-55

Client Computer Communication Settings

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-09-17

Press Yes to continue with the settings

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-09-27

Site system Roles should be selected for installation

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-09-40

If you want you can join the Customer Experience Program

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-09-52

Review the Settings Summary

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-10-05

After reviewing Prerequisites press Begin Install

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-15-04

2012 AD-2017-06-18-07-20-00

Close the system center configuration manager wizard

2012 AD-2017-06-18-09-38-48.png



Update the Microsoft SQL server 2012

ERROR database update.png

Open System Center Configuration Manager

2012 AD-2017-06-18-11-31-00

2012 AD-2017-06-18-11-32-39


What do you possess?

Constructive criticism? Thoughtful comment? Derogatory remarks? Contradictory tutorials?

Please don’t be shy to contribute and be part of this wonderful journey. Remember always the adage “knowledge is ammunition”.

Getting Started with Windows PowerShell


Firstly you have to Install PowerShell

As the initial step you need to make sure PowerShell is running in your system. Keep in mind that in this lab scenario Window 8.1 operating system is used. Since windows 8.1 comes with pre-installed PowerShell you can skip this step. For earlier versions such as Windows Vista you need to download and install PowerShell manually.

Download Link:

To Check the PowerShell version



get-host |select-object version 

get-host version



Set PowerShell’s Execution Policy

  • Restricted – PowerShell won’t run any scripts. This is PowerShell’s default execution policy.
  • AllSigned – PowerShell will only run scripts that are signed with a digital signature. If you run a script signed by a publisher PowerShell hasn’t seen before, PowerShell will ask whether you trust the script’s publisher.
  • RemoteSigned – PowerShell won’t run scripts downloaded from the Internet unless they have a digital signature, but scripts not downloaded from the Internet will run without prompting. If a script has a digital signature, PowerShell will prompt you before it runs a script from a publisher it hasn’t seen before.
  • Unrestricted – PowerShell ignores digital signatures but will still prompt you before running a script downloaded from the Internet.
  • Bypass – Everything runs without a warning. Be careful with this one.
  • Undefined – No policy is defined in the current scope. This is used to allow fall-back to policies defined in lower scopes (more details below) or to the OS defaults.

Check the current policy


01 get policy

Change the policy into RemoteSigned

Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned

02 set policy

Run Your First PowerShell script

Create a script file with following content. Name the file as MyScript.ps1

Write-Host "Hello, world"

Save the MyScript.ps1 file into following folder


03 capture

Run Following commands at PowerShell

PS C:\> Set-Location C:\Scripts

PS C:\Scripts> .\MyScript.ps1

04 run script

Alternatively you can use cmd.exe to run the scripts

In this case following script is used to get the information.

computer hostname = w

$computers = "w"

Get-WmiObject -Class win32_bios -cn $computers |

Format-table __Server, Manufacturer, Version -AutoSize

05 cmd prompt

You can use PowerShell scripts against Multiple Computers

In this scenario Windows Server 2012 R2 server domain environment is used to run the scripts.

Save following script in MyScript.ps1 file.

$computers = Get-Content -Path C:\Scripts\Computers.txt

Get-WmiObject -Class win32_bios -cn $computers -EA silentlyContinue |

Format-table __Server, Manufacturer, Version –AutoSize

Watermark Multiple Computers MyScript script file

And Make sure the computers list in the network is saved as a text file in Computers.txt.


Computers list Text File.png

The path of the text file should be


Run the PowerShell script

PS C:\> Set-Location C:\Scripts

PS C:\Scripts> .\MyScript.ps1

Watermark Multiple Computers powershell


How To Install CentOS 7 by manually Creating LVM Linux Partitions


What Is CentOS?

The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem.

Find more at:

Lab Configuration

In this lab scenario 32 Gb hard disk is used to manually create LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Linux partitions namely boot, swap, root, home, var, srv and tmp. Feel free to adjust the sizes of the partitions accordingly to the requirement of your organization.


Firstly download CentOS 7 at and create bootble CD/DVD

Select Install CentOS 7

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-42-39

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-43-09

Choose the language and press continue

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-44-58

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-52-35

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-52-36.png

Date & Time

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-52-45

Language Support

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-53-48

Keyboard Layout

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-54-04

Installation Source

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-54-12

Software Selection

In this scenario minimal install is selected

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-05-54-21.png

Installation destination

In this tutorial LVM Linux partitions are created manually

If you are going to create the root (/) partition as a LVM, be sure to create a standard /boot partition separately to keep the boot files and the Linux kernel because the system cannot boot form LVM partitions.

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-06-35-25

Create The Standard Partition

Create a Standard Boot Partition

Mount Point: /boot
Desired Capacity: 250mb
Device Type: Standard Partition
File System: ext4
Label: boot

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-19-09-18-21

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-01-30-56

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-01-32-18

Press Update Settings

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-01-35-03

Create The New LVM PV And Rest of The Partitions

Root  partition

Mount Point: /
Desired Capacity: 5 GB
Device Type: LVM [new LVM PV should be created – NewLVM-PV]
File System: ext4
Label: root

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-31-43

Create a new LVM PV – NewLVM-PV

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-32-54

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-33-41

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-34-17

Swap partition

Desired capacity is calculated according to the system RAM. If the system RAM is less than 2 GB it should be multiplied by 2, if the system RAM is more than 2 GB, should add 500 mb to the system RAM.

EX -:
system RAM is 250 mb —> Desired Capacity is 500 mb [250 mb * 2]
system RAM is 3 GB —> Desired Capacity is 3.5 GB [3 GB + 500 mb]

Mount Point: not mounted or labled
Desired Capacity: 2 GB [since the system RAM is 1 GB, 1 GB mulitiplied by 2]
Device Type: LVM [NewLVM-PV]
File System: swap
Label: swap

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-34-40

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-35-35

Home partition

Mount Point: /home
Desired Capacity: 4 GB
Device Type: LVM [NewLVM-PV]
File System: ext4
Label: home

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-35-57

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-36-49

Tmp partition (optional)

Mount Point: /tmp
Desired Capacity: 2 GB
Device Type: LVM [NewLVM-PV]
File System: ext4
Label: tmp

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-37-19

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-38-01

Var partition (optional) on web and mail servers (LVM)

Mount Point: /var
Desired Capacity: 3 GB
Device Type: LVM [NewLVM-PV]
File System: ext4
Label: var

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-38-27

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-39-02

Srv partition (optional) on FTP servers (LVM)

Mount Point: /srv
Desired Capacity: 3 GB
Device Type: LVM [NewLVM-PV]
File System: ext4
Label: srv

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-39-24

After creating required partitions press Done

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-40-03

Select Accept Changes

Watermark CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-40-53

Press Begin Installation

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-40-58

Configure Root account password to complete installation

last 1

last 2

Press Finish Configuration

last 3

Press Reboot

last 4

After The REBOOT

After the reboot, login to the root account using the password given

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-05-46-10

To view the file system table use the command [find more at:]

cat /etc/fstab

A file named /etc/fstab lists the devices (typically hard disk partitions) that are to be mounted at boot time.

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-07-28-32

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-07-24-45

To view users

cat /etc/passwd

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-09-11-42

To view created groups

cat /etc/group

CentOS 64-bit-2017-05-24-10-18-59

How to Reset Administrator Password in Windows Server 2012 R2


In this scenario Password for the administrator account is incorrect and you will have to reset the password

2012 AD-2017-06-04-04-11-12

Boot the Windows Server 2012 R2 from CD/DVD

Enter Your Language and other preferences and Click Next

2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-04-01f


Repair Your Computer

2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-04-14

Select Troubleshoot menu

Watermarked 2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-25-47


Select Command Prompt menu

2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-06-25

Run the following commands at the Command Prompt

cd windows\system32 
ren Utilman.exe Utilman.exe.old 
copy cmd.exe Utilman.exe

2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-25-39

Press Windows Key + U and in the command prompt include the following commands. In this case Abcd@1234 is the administrator password.

net user administrator Abcd@1234


2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-32-05

Close the command prompt and login using the given password

2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-34-17

2012 AD-2017-06-04-06-34-30



Guide To Understand ITIL Processes


The ITIL V3 is comprised of five publications,

  • Service strategy
  • Service design
  • Service transition
  • Service operation
  • Continual service improvement
ITIL processes by National University of Singapore

Service Strategy

Service strategy helps building strategic assets which add value to business guides entire Service Design, Service Transition & Service Operation in a coherent manner for effective service operations

Processes in Service strategy

  • Strategy management for IT Services
  • Service portfolio management
  • Financial management for IT services
  • Demand management
  • Business relationship management

Service Design

The objective of the service design is to design IT services so effectively that minimal improvement during their life cycle will be required. However, continual improvement should be embedded in all service design activities

Processes in Service Design

  • Design coordination
  • Service catalogue management
  • Service-level management
  • Availability management
  • Capacity management
  • IT service continuity management
  • Security management
  • Supplier management

Service Transition

Objectives of service transition includes Resource Management, Increase satisfaction of transition experience, Minimize impact on production environment during transition period.

Processes in Service Transition

  • Transition planning and support
  • Change management
  • Service asset and configuration management
  • Release and deployment management
  • Service validation and testing
  • Change evaluation
  • Knowledge management

Service operation

The purpose of the service operation stage of the service life cycle is to coordinate and carry out the activities and processes required to deliver and manage services at agreed levels to business users and customers.

Processes in Service Operation

  • Event Management
  • Access Management
  • Request Fulfillment
  • Problem Management
  • Incident Management

Continual service improvement

Continual Service Improvement describes best practice for achieving incremental and large scale improvements in service quality, operational efficiency and business continuity and for ensuring that the service portfolio continues to be aligned to business needs.


How To Install Citrix XenCenter 7.1.0


XenCenter is the management GUI for XenServers that runs on Windows. This is the front end that lets users configure new virtual machines and enables full virtual machine installation, configuration, administration, and lifecycle management.


click Next in the Citrix XenCenter Setup Wizard

watermarked windows-7-x64-ulti-client-2017-04-29-19-42-23


Select the Features/ locations/ install for all users

watermarked windows-7-x64-ulti-client-2017-04-29-19-43-36

Windows 7 x64 ulti client-2017-04-29-19-43-36

Start Installing

Windows 7 x64 ulti client-2017-04-29-19-43-47

Press Finish and end the installation process

Windows 7 x64 ulti client-2017-04-29-19-46-03

Open Citrix XenCenter

Windows 7 x64 ulti client-2017-04-29-19-47-48

Windows 7 x64 ulti client-2017-04-29-19-47-56

Windows 7 x64 ulti client-2017-05-10-17-26-25