How to Reset Administrator Password in Windows Server 2012 R2

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In this scenario Password for the administrator account is incorrect and you will have to reset the password

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Boot the Windows Server 2012 R2 from CD/DVD

Enter Your Language and other preferences and Click Next

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Repair Your Computer

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Select Troubleshoot menu

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Select Command Prompt menu

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Run the following commands at the Command Prompt

c: 
cd windows\system32 
ren Utilman.exe Utilman.exe.old 
copy cmd.exe Utilman.exe

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Press Windows Key + U and in the command prompt include the following commands. In this case Abcd@1234 is the administrator password.

net user administrator Abcd@1234

 

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Close the command prompt and login using the given password

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How to Install Active Directory in Windows Server 2012 R2

Please note that,

  • IP is configured statically
  • DNS server is installed with the AD

Tutorial

Click on “Add roles and features”

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click Next

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By default Role based or feature based installation option is selected. Press Next

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Select the appropriate Server and press Next.

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Select both Active Directory Domain Services and DNS server roles.

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Press Next

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Press Install to start the installation process.

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wait till the Installation finishes

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Promote this server to a domain controller

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Add a new forest

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Provide the DSRM password

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In this case the default is selected

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NetBIOS name is given (default)

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keep the default

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review the options

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Install

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After the installation server will be rebooted

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After Installing RODC (Read Only Domain Controller)

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After installing the read only domain controller you may have witnessed that if you create any object on RODC, it will be replicated into the writable DC. The reason is you are actually connected to the writable DC not the RODC AD.

Right click the domain and select “Change domain controller” to check out the connected DC

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To manage RODC server you can delegate permission to user

this user wont have permission to write changes to active directory

go to run type “dsmgmt”

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in the command prompt type

local roles

add user_name administrators

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when there is no connection with the writable domain controller

prepopulate passwords to store accounts passwords in cache otherwise users wont be able to log in

How to change SID in Windows Server 2012 R2

In this article we are going to discuss how to change SID using sysprep.exe tool.  If you are someone who is cloning servers most probably you would have encountered the error stating SID is identical when you try to join to domain.

0 failed join

STEP 01: Go to run and type sysprep command. you will be directed to sysprep folder in windows directory

1 cmd command sysprep

STEP 02: Find sysprep.exe and right click and select run as administrator option.

2 run exe

STEP 03: On the system preparation tool box tick the generalize box and click OK

3 tool box4 sysprep is working

STEP 04: System will auto restart and setting configuration will appear. select country or region / app language / keyboard layout and click next.

5 settings

STEP 05: provide the product key. If you dont have one just click the skip button

6 settings product key

STEP 06: Select I accept in license terms section

7 I accept

STEP 07: Provide password for built in administrator account and select finish

8 password

Congratulations !! you have successfully generated a new SID

 

 

After Installing WSUS Server

This tutorial discuss what to do next after finished installing WSUS server

please keep in mind that WSUS is installed on windows server 2012R2 environment

WSUS server configuration

Go to windows server update services,

options > Computers

and selectuse group policy or registry settings on computersoption

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Group policy configuration

go to “Computer Configuration > Policies > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Windows Update”

and configure

  1. Configure Automatic Updates
  2. Specify intranet Microsoft update service location
  3. Enable client-side targeting

Configure Automatic Updates

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Specify intranet Microsoft update service location

Type the location – http://name-of-the-domain:8530 (default value is given here)

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Enable client-side targeting

type the name of the group you have created under computer

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After finished configuration force group policies using gpupdate /force command and confirm that client machines are added to the WSUS server.

How to Raise Domain Functional Level in Server 2012 R2

You can raise then Domain Functional Level using “Active Directory Users and Computers” tool.

Note that

You can also use “Active Directory Domains and Trusts” tool to raise the functional level.
User account should belong to “Domain Admins” or “Enterprise Administrators” group.
Raising Domain Functional Level is one time thing and cannot be reversed. Will have to restore the forest from a backup

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How to solve default server is unknown Issue for nslookup

When you type command “nslookup” you might encounter following error stating

Default Server : UnKnown

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Solution

right click reverse lookup zone and click new zone

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create a primary zone (by default it is already selected)

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type the network ID (subnet of your network)

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Then don’t forget to select the Reverse lookup zone name:

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Then click next and keep the default dynamic update type and complete the new zone wizard

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Still you might encounter the same error.

Right click on the newly created zone and select “New Pointer (PTR)…”

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Enter the ip address of the DNS server and name of the Host and click OK

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Now try “nslookup” and you will see the correct server name. And don’t forget to flush DNS (ipconfig /flushdns) if you still find the same result.